Problem: Firefox on Ubuntu doesn’t support the whole spectrum of HTML5 features Youtube provides.
Switching the following about:config Settings to true:
Youtube is satisfied:
I found a lot of tipps to install ubuntu-restricted-extras or x264, but I have yet to run into any errors without having those packages installed. These instructions were tested on a couple of my systems running Firefox 42 and either Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty Tahr) or Ubuntu 15.10 (Wily Werewolf), so this might not work in earlier versions of Ubuntu or might not be needed in later Firefox versions. I found it also worked in Windows 7, but didn’t thoroughly test that.